The new financing mechanisms for development
In March 2002, in Monterrey, the International Conference on Development Financing has highlighted that order to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), existing sources of financing would have to be substantially increased.

At the initiative of Brazil, Chile and France, later joined by Algeria, Germany and Spain, 79 States gathered in New York for the United Nations Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDG+5) adopted a declaration inviting the international community to reflect on the implementation of international solidarity contributions aimed at mobilising stable and foreseeable financial means for development.

In the aftermath of the Conference held in Paris on this issue (28 February – 1st March 2006), the financing mechanisms under review by 38 members States « Pilot Group » are the following:
  • environmental taxes,  primarily by a levy on air and sea transport;
  • taxation of financial transactions;
  • taxation of the arms trade;
  • the use of special drawing rights;
  • international financing facility;
  • voluntary contributions
Within this context, the Global Digital Solidarity Fund (DSF) has proposed the application of the «1% digital solidarity » contribution on ICT-related public markets, specifically allotted to the fight against the digital divide.